A Look at Urdu Literature

Urdu Literature happens to be the much spongy, mellifluous and rich literature having a long history along. The Urdu Literature dates back to 13th century. It started oozing out in the reign of Mughals. Mughal emperors happened to be the greatest lovers of arts and literature, which is why Urdu Literature reached at its peak during Mughals’ rule. There used to be mehfils of poetry (poetry gatherings) at the court of Mughals. Abul Fazal Faizi and Abdul Rahim Khankhana were considered to be the greatest and loveable poets of Urdu at Mughals’ courts at that time.

It is said that Urdu drew inspiration from Persian Literature and now is laced with mammoth amount of words’ stocks. One of the finest and greatest poets of this language was Amir Khusro (1253-1325). He really made full use of Urdu in his poetic works. It is also said that Amir Khusro was the father of Urdu Language.

‘Who Majilis’ was the first Urdu book penned in 1728 and the word Urdu was first time got used by Saraj-ud-Din Aarzoo in 1751.

It is said that the Urdu Literature got hugely dominated by poetry and ghazal and nazm got much prominent in Urdu. Then prose too took the front seat like short story, afsana and dastan.

Then came the biggest poets and writers of Urdu Literature in 1970’s era like Sher Ali Afsos, Hafizuddin Ahmad, Shah Rafiuddin, Shah Abdul Qadir and Asad Ullah Khan Ghalib. Ghalib’s letters in Urdu got much prominence written in witty style.

By the end of 19th century, the school of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan came in and penned social, political, scientific and educational themes. Maulana Shibli Nomani, Abdul Halim Sharar, Maulvi Nazir Ahmed and Saadat Hassan Manto came and looted the scenario.

The literary figures such as Mirza Ghalib, Allama Iqbal, Hakim Momin, Ibrahim Zauq, Mir Taqi Mir, Sauda, Ibn-e-Insha, Faiz Ahmed Faiz and Josh Malihabadi made this language and literature more beautiful and rich.

The contemporary writers and poets of Urdu Literature like Amjad Aslam Amjad, Atta Ul Haq Qasmi and others are doing fine as well.


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