The World Heritage List got listed the widespread remains of the Buddhist monastic establishment or Sangharama way back in 1980 and these ruins are largely famous as the ‘throne of origins’. This eye-candy archaeological site along with its associated secular buildings are situated nearly 15 kilometers north-east of the city of Mardan in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan.
The European Lieutenants Lumsden and Stokes had explored the Takht-i-Bahi Complex, a giant Buddhist establishment back in 1852 and this complex consists of many well-knit units such as:
i) Court of Many Stupas
iii) Main Stupa
iv) Assembly Hall
v) Low Level Chambers
vii) Court of Three Stupas
viii) Wall of Colossi
ix) Secular buildings
The structures of the entire above are constructed in grey-colored limestone and in mud firearm.
If you glance at the area, you will find a modern village of Sahr-i-Bahlol nearly 5 kilometers south-east of Takht-i-Bahi. Sahr-i-Bahlol comprises of the wider mound consisting of the remains of the ancient city that too dates back the same era.
The digging of the areas of Takht-i-Bahi and Shar-i-Bahlol has produced a big quantity of fine sculptures of Buddha, Boddisattavas and other divinities both in the form of stone and stucco. In these areas, some other worthwhile antiquities too have been produced.
Since the remains of Takht-i-Bahi are of fine exceptional quality and importance, they got huge attention of the conservators. The protection of the area is necessary, which is why the conservation work is done periodically. The residential buildings out there too need to be protected.