Hindu and Buddhist Architectural Heritage of Pakistan – Part 3

5 – Tulamba:

Tulamba, which is also referred in the history sometimes as Tulambah, is another city in Punjab, Pakistan which was once the part of Hindu and Buddhist architectures in the history. This small city is located at the edge of Rive River towards its eastern side. Tulamba is located in the middle of Mian Channu and Abdul Hakeem (two big cities of Punjab). It was once the part of Multan district, but it transferred to Khanewal (a newly born district) in 1985.

Tulamba - Tulamba Fort - Panoramio - 2011 - 02

The local residents are called Tulambvi. The spoken language of this city of around 50,000 inhabitants is Rachnavi Punjabi. Tulamba faced five distinct eras throughout the history, included Moi Tribe (first era), Greek (second), Sasani (third), Budh (fourth), Hindu and Muslim (fifth). Its history is linked to around 2500 years back in Noah time period.

6 – Dipalpur:

Dipalpur is the prominent part of Punjab’s Okara District and it is also recognized as the Tehsil Headquarter of the Dipalpur Tehsil. It is said about Dipalpur Tehsil that there is not any other bigger Tehsil in Pakistan then this. Several battles of the thirteen and fourteenth centuries were fought in this town which is located at the bank of Beas River.

Dipalpur - Dipalpur Fort - Pakpattan Gate - Panoramio - 2011 - 01

This is an ancient city as its history is linked back to around 2,000 years ago by the researchers. The city faced several demolishing as well as rebuilding phases in its life so far. It was among most civilized areas around 2,000 years ago when Aryans started living in the subcontinent region (famous at that time as the land of seven rivers).

7 – Okara:

Rao Sikandar Chowk, Okara

Okara is another very famous district located in Punjab, Pakistan. This notable district of the Punjab’s history is located on the Multan Road that is an important part of connecting Lahore with Multan. It is only 110 kilometers away from Lahore and around 40 kilometers from Sahiwal. Okara is the home to around 2.2 million people and majority of this population lives in rural areas. Okara District was the most notable part of Montgomery District before partition of 1947, and Okara, Sahiwal and Pakpattan were included in this district at that time.

8 – Mankiala:

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Mankiala, which is also written by historians as Manikiyala and sometimes as Manikyala, is the prominent part of Potohar plateau. This village is located just around the Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan which was once the center of Buddhist stupa in this region. Mankiala is probably around 50 kilometers away from the Pakistan capital Islamabad, just ahead of Rawat Fort. It is believed that the name of this Potohar plateau village was derived from Raja Manik or Raja Man. It is said about Mankiala Stupa that it was built probably during the Gandhara era in memories of Buddha who probably feed seven hungry tiger cubs by sacrificing some of his body parts.

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