Hindu and Buddhist Architectural Heritage of Pakistan – Part 6

Khyber –Pakhtunkhwa:


Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa is also among those few regions in Pakistan that are full of Hindu and Buddhist architectural sites. The list is below:

1 – Takht Bhai:


Takht Bhai, which is also commonly referred in historical documents as Takht Bahi, is widely recognized as the center of a Buddhist monastic that ruled this area, centuries back in 1st century BCE. This monastic complex is said by the majority of historians as the center point of that era of the Buddhist Empire. UNESCO listed Takht Bhai as the World Heritage Site in 1980. The hilltop location of this area actually protected this monastic complex to get destructed even in result of numerous invasions.

2 – Bala Hisar Fort:

Bala Hisar Fort is another historical place in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa which is considered one of the most famous architectural heritage sites of Hindu and Buddhist monarchies. This fort is also known as among most historical places of the capital of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa i.e. Peshawar. Timur Shah Durrani (a notable Pashtun King of this area who ruled this region from 1773 to 1793) actually gave this name to the fort. It was the winter capital of this king as the summer capital of Durrani Empire was Kabul.

3 – Barikot:


Barikot is not a big city but a small town located in northern-province of Pakistan i.e. Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. This small town is located in Swat valley region, a region which is also known in history as ancient Udyana. Some historians claim that Bazira was the ancient name of Barikot which was besieged in the history by Alexander the Great. An Italian Archaeological mission actually excavated the outskirts of this small town in 1984.

4 – Udyana:


Udyana is also commonly referred in history as Oddiyana or Oriya. This is a small town which served as a country during the early medieval India on the world map, but it actually did a lot in developing and disseminating Buddhism in this region. Well, though the city exists in the historical books but the physical existence of this ancient city of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa is yet to confirm and is disputed.

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