Hindu and Buddhist Architectural Heritage of Pakistan – Part 8

9 – Kashmir Smast:

 Kashmir Smast

Kashmir Smast is actually the name of series of caves (that are known as natural limestone caves) that are the significant part of this region. This series of caves was artificially expanded in the history from as back as Kushan period to as recent as Shahi period. This notable Hindu and Buddhist architecture is situated in the Mardan Valley in the Babozai Mountains in Northern Pakistan. The recently discovered a rare series or bronze coins made it clear that that this series of natural limestone caves may have its roots back to the Gandhara regime which ruled the region for more or less 500 years.

10 – Lower Swat Valley:


Two notable regions of Northern Pakistan i.e. Lower Dir Districts and the Lower Swat Valley (the part of beautiful Swat Valley) are widely recognized as the important, significant archeological sites by the science. The lower valley (located just around or on the banks of Swat River) is the area in this region which had been occupied by different monarchies for minimum of 3000 years. The remains of pre historic Buddhist shrines, Gandhara grave culture and Shahi Period have been discovered between the area of Saidu Sharif and Chakdara Bridge.

11 – Mingora:

Mingora is commonly known as the main route to explore some beautiful scenic places in Northern Pakistan. But the region has another reason of fame in the history books which is its relation or association to the Buddhist culture. Archeologists have discovered several carvings and remains belong to Buddhist from Jambill River Valley, a place located just around Mingora. The experts have excavated a monastery as well as a Stupa (that has been associated to the 1st century CE in the history) from Panr. More or less 475 Aryan graves were recently unearthed by some Italian archaeologists that were from circa 1700 BCE.

12 – Panchkora Valley of Dir:

Panchkora valley of Dir is also recognized in the history as the Panjkora River. This historical famous region is located in northern Pakistan. This valley has its history linked back to Gandhara grave culture as there are many important sites of that culture in this valley. You may find Buddhist remains everywhere in the Talash Valley, an area which is located at around 13 kilometers distance from another notable same destination in this region i.e. Chakdara.

Experts believe that the both sides of the road, that is the main route towards Dir, are still the home to several unknown monasteries and stupas that are yet to excavate. Kat Kala Pass, located towards west of Panchkora Valley of Dir was conquered in 327 BC by Alexander the Great.

Categories: Culture of Pakistan

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