Lahore is a historical city and is centuries old having the various traditions, cultures and colors attached to. The history of this glorious city dates back to the 2nd century A.D. Lahore has enjoyed the status of being the capital for about a thousand years – sometimes of an empire and others that of a province.
The rulers from Ghaznavids, Ghaurids, Turks, Sayyads, Lodhis, Mughals, Suris, Sikhs and the British have left their imprints, traditions and customs in this city.
The digging procedure done in the Lahore fort depicted the existence of the city in the early historic period. Lahore Fort’s history is almost the same as the city itself. It was the Mughal rulers who brought this exercise to a halt by conferring it to actual stability.
Although there are a number of monuments and historical buildings which portray the history of Mughal rulers but Lahore Fort is the only one monument in Pakistan that represents the complete history of the Mughal emperors. The Fort has so far been renovated.
But one thing is to be noticed that after the fall down of the Mughals in the region, Lahore Fort suffered a lot because of the mundane additions, alterations and an aggressive blockade in 1841. The British Government had handed over this Fort to the Archaeological Survey of India that then started taking steps to eliminate systematically – the entire additions and alterations performed in the British rule.
Since the day Pakistan came into being in 1947, the Department of Archaeology of the Government of Pakistan has been on its way to perform the protection work but on limited measures. If you see the fort, you will notice that the southern portion of the fortification wall and the Matbakh or the Royal Kitchen have already demolished and utterly destroyed whereas the ceiling of Shish Mahal (Palace of Mirrors) is going to fall down also. UNESCO has taken notice of it and has started doing the efforts to protect the Shesh Mahal and the whole of fort by working closely with the government of Pakistan.
The Shalimar Gardens in Lahore is the eye-pleasing and mesmerizing landscape. Every eye that bumps into it cannot help praising big about it. It has magical values to grab the souls. Shalimar Gardens was laid out by the direction and authority of the great Emperor Shah Jahan. It reflects the true genius of the Mughal landscape architecture. The Shalimar Gardens exemplifies the Mughal concept of a perfect garden – where the affixed area divided into balanced patterns of turf consisting of water canals, ornamental tanks, and fountains, lined by cypresses and rose bushes.
The Shalimar Gardens lost the whopping amount of its original beauty and magic at the hands of Sikh stealers during the ruling era of Ranjit Singh. And in that time, the garden was given up to the Department of Archaeology in 1913.
The Lahore Fort and The Shalimar Gardens are the two prime examples of the magical and mesmerizing beauty and the architecture of the Mughal Era. Both were inscribed in the World Heritage Sites list in 1981.