An Account on World Heritage Sites
Pakistan is a country that has become heir to a vast collection of heritage sites, six of which have been marked on the list of ‘World Heritage Sites’. A new tentative list too has been dashed off and submitted for approval to the World Heritage Centre. The sites already marked in the World Heritage List, the cursory account of the same is penned as under:
A Look at the Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro
Moenjodoro was the mammoth city that flourished in the valley of the Indus way back in the 3rd millennium B.C. The ruins of this precious city are marked in the World Heritage List in 1980. The remains of this historical city exist on the western bank of the river Indus situated nearly 12 kilometers from Moenjodoro railway station in Larkana district of Sindh.
By checking the remains of Moenjodoro, the archeology of the city tells that it was a well-maintained and planned city constructed vastly in the baked brick buildings laced with public baths and a college of priests, elaborated drainage system, well-built sewerage system and large state granary – this all explain that Moenjodoro was a metropolis of superb importance having nearly forty thousand inhabitants who enjoyed well-organized civic, economic, social and cultural lifestyle.
As per the excavations that comprise of the figures of animals such as rhinoceros, tigers and elephants and the discovered brick-lined street drains, this becomes a testimony that this region used to enjoy the heavy rainfalls at the time of its existence. The discoveries further explain that the main corps of the region included wheat, barely, sesamum, field peas, dates and cotton. The precious stones and other metallic objects recovered from the area testify that the residents used to trade with the foreign countries.
Still the historians could not find as to how this mammoth metropolis city destroyed and came to an end. From the ruins, it comes to know that the decline of the city’s civilization was gradual. It also shows the invasion by the Aryans or the neighboring hill tribes, which sealed the fate of Moenjodaro.
By the time when the magnificent structural remains of Moenjodaro got excavated in the early 20s, they appeared to be in exceptional state of preservation, and the phenomenon of salt efflorescence on them got soon noticed. For quite some years, there has been an alarming situations that can lead to damage the area. Biggest serious threat to Moenjodaro lies in the flood by the River Indus that might harm the historical city as it flows very close to the site.
UNESCO has now approached the Government of Pakistan and in collaboration with the Pakistani government, it has launched an International campaign to safeguard Moenjodaro. For this, there has been a favorable support from the international community and international organizations like UNDP, which provided financial as well as technical resources to eliminate the emerging problems from river and Ground Water Control.
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